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Грамматика английского языка для начинающих. Предлоги
Грамматика английского языка для начинающих.

6. Предлоги

Предлоги места и направления

В целях выработки беглости речи полезно запомнить следующие словосочетания

ГДЕ?

On the table - на столе,
on the floor, on the sofa, on the chair, on the window-sill, on the ground, on the grass, on the roof, on the bridge, on the platform, on the shelf, on the cupboard, on the bench, on the snow, on the ice, on the wall, on the blackboard, on the table, on the floor, on the sofa, on the chair, on the window-sill, on the ground, on the grass, on the roof, on the bridge, on the platform, on the shelf, on the cupboard, on the bench, on the snow, on the ice, on the wall, on the blackboard.

КУДА?

On the table - на стол,
on the floor, on the sofa, on the chair, on the window-sill, on the ground, on the grass, on the roof, on the bridge, on the platform, on the shelf, on the cupboard, on the bench, on the snow, on the ice, on the wall, on the blackboard, on the table, on the floor, on the sofa, on the chair, on the window-sill, on the ground, on the grass, on the roof, on the bridge, on the platform, on the shelf, on the cupboard, on the bench, on the snow, on the ice, on the wall, on the blackboard.

ГДЕ?

In the room - в комнате,
in the kitchen, in the house, in the car, in the box, in the cupboard, in the bag, in the pocket, in the hall, in the plate, in the cup, in the glass, in the bottle, in the snow, in the water, in the river, in the lake, in the sea, in the wood, in the park, in the garden, in the yard, in the classroom.

КУДА?

Into the room - в комнату,
into the kitchen, into the house, into the car, into the box, into the cupboard, into the bag, into the pocket, into the hall, into the plate, into the cup, into the glass, into the bottle, into the snow, into the water, into the river, into the lake, into the sea, into the wood, into the park, into the garden, into the yard, into the classroom.





























Запомните также
следующие словосочетания
ГДЕ? КУДА?
У
стены        AT
К
стене       
ТО
At the wall - у стены,
at the door, at the window, at the
blackboard, at the map, at the bookcase, at the tree, at the river.
То the wall - к стене,
to the door, to the window, to the
blackboard, to the map, to the bookcase, to the tree, to the river.
И следующие
словосочетания
ГДЕ?  КУДА?
ЗА столом — AT the table ЗА стол — AT the table
ЗА партой —  AT the desk ЗА парту — AT the desk

Запомните следующие словосочетания

ГДЕ?

At the theatre - в театре,
at the cinema, at the museum, at the swimming pool, at the library, at the shop, at the institute, at the port, at the railway station, at the concert, at the exhibition, at the stadium, at the stop, at the factory, at work, at school, at the lesson.

КУДА?

To the theatre - в театр,
to the cinema, to the museum, to the swimming pool, to the library, to the shop, to the institute, to the port, to the railway station, to the concert, to the exhibition, to the stadium, to the stop, to the factory, to work, to school, to the lesson.

В кухне, в порту, в плавательном бассейне, в парке, в лесу, в театре, в саду, в библиотеке, в реке, в магазине, в стакане, в комнате, в кино, в снегу, в школе, в классе, в доме, в чашке, в музее, в институте.












Обратите внимание
на разницу в значении в зависимости от употребления
предлогов to и into со словами wood, park, garden, yard, etc.
Пошел, ходил в
лес, парк и т. д.
went ТО
 (преодолел
какое-то расстояние прежде, чем дошел)
вошел в парк, лес и
т. д.
went INTO
 (был рядом
и вошел внутрь)























Запомните
следующие застывшие словосочетания
ГДЕ?  КУДА?
в постели — in bed
в постель  — to bed
в городе — in
town
в город — to

town

за городом — in
the country
за город — to

the country

Запомните следующие застывшие словосочетания

ГДЕ?

на севере — in the north

на юге — in the south

на востоке — in the east

на западе - in the west

КУДА?

на север — to the north

на юг - to the south

на восток - to the east

на запад - to the west


Примеры с предлогами at и in
At - у, возле, около (для обозначения места):
She is standing at the window.
- в, на (перед названиями учреждений, организаций, собраниями людей, то есть при указании места, где совершается какое-либо действие, какой-либо процесс):
I'll see him at the theatre tonight.
He works at the office.
We met at the party.
- в (при указании момента времени):
He will return at 7.
He left the house at noon.
She left the room at the end of the lesson.

In - в (для обозначения места):
The pencil is in the box.
- в (перед обозначением месяца или года):
They will arrive in May.
- в, за, в течение (при указании, в какой срок совершается действие):
The house was built in three months.
- через (для обозначения срока, времени):
He will return in a week.



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