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Holidays - Учебные материалы
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Учебные материалы » Английская лексика по темам » Leisure & Fun (отдых и развлечения) » Holidays (Праздники и выходные)
Holidays
MaruДата: Суббота, 17.11.2012, 22:58 | Сообщение # 1
Your English Teacher
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Christmas

Christmas is the annual Christian celebration of the birth on December 25 of Jesus Christ, hence the name Christmas. It is an occasion for people to spend time with their family and friends, send greeting cards and exchange presents. The exchange of gifts is symbolic of the three wise men giving gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh to baby Jesus.

Advent The arrival of a person or an important event.
Here it refers to the month before Christmas and the arrival of Jesus.
Bethlehem The town thought to be the birthplace of Jesus Christ.
Boxing Day In the UK, December 26 is called Boxing Day.
It was traditionally a day to give presents to the poor.
Candle A round stick of wax with a central wick which is lit to give light as it burns.
Chimney A vertical structure which extends through the roof of a house and allows smoke to escape from the fireplace.
Santa Claus (Father Christmas) traditionally enters the house through the chimney.
Christmas The annual celebration by Christians of the birth of Jesus Christ on December 25.
Christmas cake A rich fruit cake covered with marzipan and icing, eaten at Christmas
Christmas card A greeting card sent to family and friends at Christmas.
Christmas carol A joyful traditional song or hymn sung at Christmas.
Singers visit people's houses at Christmas to sing carols and collect money, usually for charity.
Christmas Day 25 December, the birthday of Jesus Christ.
Christmas Eve 24 December, the evening or day before Christmas Day.
Christmas tree An evergreen tree which people decorate with lights, tinsel, etc. at Christmas.
Cracker A decorated cardboard tube wrapped in paper that makes a sharp explosive noise ('crack') and releases a small gift when two people pull it apart.
Egg-nog A traditional Christmas drink in the US made of beaten eggs, milk or cream, sugar and alcohol.
Frankincense Sweet-smelling gum from a tree, burnt as incense : one of the gifts that the three wise men gave to Jesus.
Holly Evergreen shrub with red berries used for decoration at Christmas.
Joseph Husband of Mary (mother of Jesus).
Mary The mother of Jesus.
Mistletoe A plant with evergreen leaves and white berries, traditionally used as a Christmas decoration. When two people walk under the plant, they are supposed to kiss.
Myrrh Gum from a tree, used for perfume or incense :
one of the the gifts given to Jesus by the three wise men.
Ornament A decoration which, at Christmas, is hung on a Christmas tree.
Reindeer A large deer with branching antlers found in some cold climates, and thought to pull Santa's sleigh.
Santa Claus An imaginary bearded old man, wearing a red suit, who lives at the North Pole and brings presents for children at Christmas. Traditionally Santa Claus travels in a sleigh pulled by reindeers and enters the house through the chimney on Christmas Eve.
Sleigh A sledge or light cart pulled by horses or reindeer over snow and ice.
Tinsel A glittering material produced in strips and used for decoration at Christmas.
Turkey Large bird traditionally eaten at Christmas.
Wreath Circular band of flowers or leaves used to decorate the front door of homes at Christmas.
Xmas Abbreviation for 'Christmas'.


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MaruДата: Суббота, 17.11.2012, 23:03 | Сообщение # 2
Your English Teacher
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Halloween

Halloween is a holiday celebrated on October 31, the last day of October when, according to Christian tradition, the spirits of the dead return to where they lived, and witches and demons become active. To celebrate, children and adults dress in scary costumes (ghosts, witches, etc) and children go from house to house saying: "Trick or Treat" which means :
"Give us a snack (sweets or candy) or we'll play a trick on you.".
Halloween is traditionally celebrated in Ireland, and was introduced by Irish immigrants to other countries, essentially the UK and the USA.

bat Small mouse-like animal that flies at night
carve Cut with a large knife in order to form something, for example a scary face in a pumpkin
bobbing for apples A traditional Halloween game : apples are put in a barrel of water and people try to remove them using only their mouths.
costume Scary clothing or disguises worn at Halloween
costume party A party or gathering where everyone dresses in scary costumes
ghost Spirit of a dead person.
At Halloween, ghosts are usually dressed in white sheets.
ghoul In stories : a spirit that robs graves and eats the bodies.
goblin Small ugly creature that plays tricks on people.
haunted Inhabited or visited by ghosts, usually a house or a castle.
jack-o-lantern Scary faces are carved out of pumpkins and candles are placed inside. These are called 'jack-o-lanterns' and are made at Halloween to scare away evil spirits.
mask Covering for the face worn as a disguise
pumpkin Large round orange-coloured vegetable used at Halloween to make lanterns.
scarecrow Figure resembling a scarecrow which is used to scare people at Halloween.
Scarecrows are normally used in fields to frighten away birds (crows).
scary Frightening
skeleton The bones of the body
skull The bones of the head
spider Small crab-like insect with 8 legs.
warlock A sorcerer or wizard; a man with magic powers, usually evil.
witch An ugly woman, wearing a black cloak and pointed hat, thought to have evil powers.


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MaruДата: Суббота, 17.11.2012, 23:10 | Сообщение # 3
Your English Teacher
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Thanksgiving

In the United States, the fourth Thursday in November is called Thanksgiving Day.
On this day Americans give thanks for the good things they have had in the past year.
Thanksgiving is another name for the Harvest Festivel traditionally held in Great Britain to mark
the end of the local harvest season. This tradition was taken to North America by early settlers who celebrated the first American Thanksgiving in 1621.

Most people celebrate Thanksgiving by gathering with family or friends for a holiday feast,
usually with turkey as the centerpiece.

autumn Season between summer and winter called the "fall" in the US.
bounty Abundance
corn Grain plant, also called 'maize'.
cornucopia Ornamental animal's horn symbolizing abundance.
cranberry Small red berry used for making sauce and jelly.
crop Amount of agricultural plants grown in a season.
feast A big meal to celebrate something.
harvest The cutting and gathering of grain and other crops.
Mayflower Name of ship on which the Pilgrims sailed.
pie Fruit or meat cooked in pastry.
pilgrim A person who travels a long distance for religious purposes.
Pilgrims Name given to the English Puritans who went to America in 1620.
pumpkin Large round orange-coloured fruit.
Puritans Group of English protestants who wanted simpler forms of church ceremony.
Plymouth Port from which the Mayflower set sail.
settlers People wo go to live in a new developing country.
thanksgiving Expressing gratitude.
turkey Large bird traditionally eaten at Thanksgiving (and also at Christmas).


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MaruДата: Суббота, 17.11.2012, 23:25 | Сообщение # 4
Your English Teacher
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Сообщений: 2562
Репутация: 101
Christmass crossword - easy
Christmass crossword - medium


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Учебные материалы » Английская лексика по темам » Leisure & Fun (отдых и развлечения) » Holidays (Праздники и выходные)
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