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IELTS Speaking - описание данной части экзамена, советы - Учебные материалы
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Учебные материалы » English Exams - IELTS » IELTS Speaking » IELTS Speaking - описание данной части экзамена, советы
IELTS Speaking - описание данной части экзамена, советы
MaruДата: Вторник, 23.03.2010, 00:04 | Сообщение # 1
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Description of IELTS SPEAKING.

The speaking module takes 11-14 minutes.

There are 3 sections.
- Part I (4-5 minutes) is for the Examiner to introduce him/herself and ask you questions about yourself.
- Part II (3-4 minutes) is for you to prepare and give a short talk of 1-2 minutes on a given subject.
- Part III (4-5 minutes) is for you and the Examiner to have a discussion linked to the subject from Part II.

You will be assessed on your:
- Fluency and coherence
- Vocabulary
- Range of grammar and accuracy
- Pronunciation


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MaruДата: Вторник, 23.03.2010, 00:05 | Сообщение # 2
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How do you feel about the IELTS Speaking test? It's the hardest part of IELTS. This video shows you what happens when you are being face-to-face with an examiner.



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MaruДата: Вторник, 23.03.2010, 00:06 | Сообщение # 3
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IELTS Speaking Test. Part A.

Advice about the IELTS Speaking test - interview - and how to prepare, in particular for Part A. Highly recommended.



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MaruДата: Вторник, 23.03.2010, 00:08 | Сообщение # 4
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IELTS Speaking Test. Part B.

This vidcast discusses common mistakes students make in English speaking tests, like the IELTS interview, and gives suggestions to help students prepare for the test.



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MaruДата: Вторник, 23.03.2010, 00:09 | Сообщение # 5
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IELTS Speaking Test. Part C.

Shows IELTS candidates how to prepare for Part C of the Speaking section, or interview, using FOCUS QUESTIONS to explore topics. By answering these four questions, on a number of topics, students will be better prepared to answer the more difficult questions of Part C.



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MaruДата: Суббота, 27.03.2010, 00:37 | Сообщение # 6
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GOLDEN RULES

* Speak as much English as you can.

* Prepare yourself for the exam by knowing what is involved.

* You need to sound natural and not as if you have learnt questions by heart. Be spontaneous and relevant.

* Do not be put off by the recording machine in the room. It's there for you< not for the Examiner.

* Be positive. The exam is nearly over, so smile and breathe evenly.

* Remember, that the adrenaline produced by your nervous feelings actually helps you to perform better.

* Use a wide range of vocabulary. People generally use less than they know when they speak. Practise to activate what you know.

* Concentrate generally on what you re saying, rather than being accurate. You will then make fewer mistakes.

* Practise speaking clearly. This doesn't mean slowly, but naturally and evenly.


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MaruДата: Пятница, 09.04.2010, 16:07 | Сообщение # 7
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The Speaking Module of the IELTS consists of a 60 minute module with three parts.

Part 1
You will need to answer general questions about yourself, your homes/families, your jobs/studies, your interests, and a range of familiar topic areas in four to five minutes.

Part 2
You will be given a verbal prompt on a card and asked to speak about a particular topic (listed on the card). You will have one minute to prepare before speaking at length, and will need to speak between one and two minutes. Then the examiner will ask you one or two follow up questions.

Part 3

You and the examiner will engage in a discussion of more abstract concepts and issues which will be linked to the topic you discussed in Part 2. The discussion will last between four and five minutes. You will be scored on how well you are able to communicate effectively in English.

Of all the test modules on IELTS, this is the easiest to prepare for. This is the test module that you can practice anywhere, in your car, in your room, on the phone, by yourself or with someone else. After you successfully pass IELTS, you will be speaking English a lot, so you might as well prepare by speaking it at every opportunity beforehand.


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MaruДата: Пятница, 09.04.2010, 16:08 | Сообщение # 8
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Exhausting the Possibilities

Part 1 will ask basic questions. There are only so many possible basic questions that can be asked about someone. You can easily be prepared for every possibility. Go through and write down all the possibilities and a good answer for each. When you’re asked about your family, don’t have to struggle to come up with descriptions for your family members. Practice ahead of time and know what you’re going to say. Right now as you’re reading this, stop and take a minute to answer each of these following questions. If you were asked these in an interview, what would you say?

1. Please describe yourself.
2. Please describe your family.
3. Please describe your home.
4. Please describe some of your interests.
5. Please describe your job.
6. Please describe your studies

This is important practice. Make sure that you can spend a minute or so answering each of these questions without having to take time to think of a good response. These are basic questions and you should have your basic answers ready.


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MaruДата: Пятница, 09.04.2010, 16:08 | Сообщение # 9
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Tell a Story

Movie making is a multi-billion dollar industry. Why? It’s because everyone likes to hear a good story, and the best movies contain great stories. The Speaking Module interview can be a big aggravation for both sides. Usually, it is tense, uncomfortable, and boring for both the interviewer and the test taker.

Think about your favorite relatives. In many cases, they are your favorite because they are such raconteurs, or good storytellers. These are your aunts and uncles that can turn a simple trip to the grocery store into high adventure and will keep you captivated and entertained. Even if you’re not a natural storyteller, with a little thought and practice, even you can turn your dull past experiences into exciting exploits.

Stories are your strongest weapon for captivating the interviewer and demonstrating your mastery of speaking English. The questions in Part 2 of the Speaking Module literally beg for stories to be told. These need to be compelling stories, real time drama, and you’re the hero. You want the interviewer begging for more, asking follow-up questions, eager to hear how it ends. Once you begin a quick exciting story, you set the tone of the interview, and you will determine what will be the follow-up questions.

The easiest way to prepare for these Part 2 questions is to scour your memory for any exciting instance in your past. Perhaps where you played a leadership role or accomplished a goal. These can be from any part of your past, during your education, at home with your family, projects at work, or anything that you might have had a part in. Identify the main characteristics of the story, you want to have things straight. Make sure you know the basics of what happened, who was involved, why it occurred, and how the events unfolded sequentially. You certainly don’t want to stumble over the facts and repeat yourself during the interview.


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MaruДата: Пятница, 09.04.2010, 16:08 | Сообщение # 10
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One Size Fits All

These basic stories are building blocks. Just as a piece of lumber can be cut into many different shapes and have many completely unique uses, each of your stories does not only answer one unique question. Your stories are one size fits all. With practice you will find that you can use the same story to answer two seemingly unrelated questions.
For example, a question about teamwork and working under pressure can both be answered by a story about your experience playing intramural basketball. The story could describe how you had to work as a team in order to get into the

playoffs, spending time practicing together, coordinating plays, whatever was necessary for the team to advance. Alternatively, the story could focus upon the clutch shots that you made that season in order to win the game in the last few seconds of play under enormous pressure. The basic story is the same: your experiences playing basketball.

The questions were different, but you customized the story to fit the question. With practice you should be able to answer almost any question with just a few stock stories that can be customized.


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MaruДата: Пятница, 09.04.2010, 16:09 | Сообщение # 11
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Find the Bridges

Some questions will lend themselves more readily to a story than others. You must have a set of basic stories ready that can be modified to fit the occasion. You must 'find the bridges' in the questions offered to make sure your stories get told.

In WWII, the US Army used Bailey bridges. Bailey bridges were bridges made of prefabricated steel sections that were carried around and could be thrown together at a moment’s notice, allowing the army to move quickly across any obstacle and get to where they wanted to go.

You need to find bridges, i.e. opportunities to tell your stories. Look for any chance to turn a standard question about anything, into a bridge to begin telling your story. For example, 'What is your job title?'

On the surface that might not seem like the ideal bridge, but with a little insight your response might become:

'My job title is Product Line Manager. I was responsible for everything from the development of new products, to the obsolescence of old products. Marketing, sales, engineering, and production of the entire product line fell under my responsibility. One of the products was even my own idea based on feedback I received from my interactions with our customers. In the first year, it alone had achieved a sales level of over…'

The key to remember is that just because a question is asked as a closed ended question (yes/no, or one word answers), doesn’t mean that you have to answer it as a closed ended question. Answer the question asked, but then find a way to develop your answer and a bridge to a good story of yours. With an open mind, the most closed ended of questions can become a launch pad into a story.


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MaruДата: Пятница, 09.04.2010, 16:09 | Сообщение # 12
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Pregnant Pause

A good story can usually wind its way down a long path. There is always a danger that you will begin to bore the interviewer, who may wonder if an end is in sight. Some interviewers may get worried that they won’t be able to get through the fifteen questions on their list during the allotted time. Therefore, find natural breaks in your story and pause for a second. If the interviewer maintains eye contact or asks continuation questions, then keep going. But this will give them a chance to stop the story and ask a different question if they are getting bored and want to move on.


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MaruДата: Пятница, 09.04.2010, 16:09 | Сообщение # 13
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Taking the Final Step

By trying to answer each of your Part 2 questions with a basic story, you will be able to transition nicely into the final step, Part 3. Part 3 questions are based upon your answers to Part 2 questions and will be asked at the interviewer’s discretion. By using the story techniques listed above, you will have already determined the path that the interviewer will take with his follow-up Part 3 questions. The interviewer will naturally ask questions that tie into your story and you will already be prepared for those questions and will ace Part 3 as easily as the others.


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MaruДата: Понедельник, 12.04.2010, 11:12 | Сообщение # 14
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Practice Makes Perfect

Don’t try to answer every question by shooting from the hip. You’ll spend most of your time trying to think of what happened and repeating yourself. Think of the classic stories that you could tell and then practice going over them with your friends, explaining how you successfully achieved the goal, or took charge and gave leadership to your group project. You don’t want to have the story memorized, because it will become stale in the telling, but you want it to be smooth. This story must be live and in living color, where the interviewer can see himself taking part on the sidelines and watching the situation take place. Have your friends and family members quiz you by asking you random questions and see how well you can adapt to the question and give a lucid response.



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MaruДата: Понедельник, 12.04.2010, 20:58 | Сообщение # 15
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IELTS Speaking Test: Key Facts

Duration: Between 11 and 14 minutes.
Participants: Candidates interviewed individually. The test is recorded.
Format: The test consists of three parts.
Part 1 (Interview)

Part 1 of the IELTS Speaking test lasts between 4 and 5 minutes. The examiner will ask some simple 'getting-to-know-you' questions which will help the examiner find out a little about you and help put you at ease. These will be general questions such as about your family, your studies, where you come from or what your interests are.

Example Questions

Q: Where are you from?
Q: Why are you studying English?
Q: Have you visited any English speaking countries?
Q: Do you play any sports?

Tips!

Giving full, relevant answers to the examiner's questions will help get the interview off to a good start.

1) Avoid giving short, uncommunicative replies.
Q: Where are you from?
A: I'm from Hoorn in the Netherlands. (Don't stop there!) It's about 35 kilometers north of Amsterdam. It's a modern city but with a lot of history and a lovely place to live.

2) Avoid short, 'yes', 'no' answers to closed questions. (These are questions beginning 'Have you ...', 'Do you ...', 'Is it ...' etc which can be answered simply with a yes or no answer).
Q: Have you visited any English speaking countries?
A: Yes. (Don't stop there!) I went to England last year and spent two weeks seeing the sights. A couple of years ago I went to New York with my parents and had a great time.
Q: Do you play any sports?
A: No. (Don't stop there!) I'm not really interested in playing sports. I like watching sport on TV and I really enjoyed keeping up with the Olympics recently.

3) Offer examples to help you explain a statement.
Q: Why are you preparing for the IELTS exam?
A: Because I need it for my studies. (Don't stop there!) I've been offered a place at a university in England to study on an MBA but I need to show my level of English is good enough.


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MaruДата: Понедельник, 12.04.2010, 20:59 | Сообщение # 16
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Part 2 (Long Turn)

Part 2 of the IELTS Speaking test lasts between 3 and 4 minutes (including 1 minute preparation time). The examiner gives you a task card and you have to speak about the subject without interruption for between 1 and 2 minutes.

Example Task

Example 1) Describe a place you have visited that you have fond memories of.

You should say:

where this was
why you went there
what you did there
and what it was about the place that makes it so memorable.

Example 2) Describe your favourite personal possession.

You should say:

what this possession is
when you first got it
when you use it
and why it's so important to you.

Tips!

1. Use your 1 minute preparation time wisely and make notes of the points you'd like to make.

2. The question will help you with the structure of your talk. The introduction can include the item itself and maybe a brief description. The main body of your talk could describe the situation when you acquired the object and go on to explain when you use it. You can then end with an explanation of why the object is so important.

3. Try to avoid giving a very dry, unimaginative introduction such as 'The object I'm going to describe is ....'. Get your talk off to a memorable start with something on the lines of: 'If I was about to lose everything and could only save one thing it would be my ...', or 'I've got several things that mean a lot to me but the one that really stands out is my ...'

4. If you're concerned about not having enough to talk about for 1 to 2 minutes or running out of time before you've finished, the answer is to practise as often as possible. Time yourself and ask a friend for feedback.


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MaruДата: Понедельник, 12.04.2010, 20:59 | Сообщение # 17
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Part 3: (Two-Way Discussion)

In Part 3 of the test, which lasts between 3 to 4 minutes, the examiner will ask you questions linked to the topic in Part 2.

Example Questions (Based on example topics in Part 2 above)

Q: It is sometimes argued that local cultures are being destroyed by tourism. Why do think people might feel this?
Q: What benefits do people get from travelling to other countries?
Q: Do you think people are becoming too materialistic?
Q: To what extent are people's buying habits affected by advertising?

Tips!

1. If you need time to collect your thoughts use expressions (sparingly) like: 'That's a good question.', 'Well, let me think ...'.

2. Don't forget to avoid short, 'yes', 'no' answers. Try to offer examples to back up a statement.

3. Help make your contributions memorable. Try explaining a point using a short, personal anecdote.

4. If the examiner asks a question that you don't understand, take control of the situation with questions such as those that appear below. Responding like this will show evidence of your communication skills.

A) If the examiner uses a word or phrase that you don't understand, say something like:
"Sorry but could you explain what you mean by ........" or
"I haven't come across that word/expression before. Could you explain what you mean?"

B ) If you simply didn't hear something that was asked, respond with:
"Excuse me, I didn't quite catch that. Could you say that again?"
"I'm sorry, but would you mind repeating that?"

C) If you want to make sure you've understood what the examiner has asked you could say:
"Do you mean ........"
"When you say ........, do you mean/are you asking ........?


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MaruДата: Понедельник, 12.04.2010, 23:04 | Сообщение # 18
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Видео с подробным объяснением того, что вас ожидает в устной части экзамена.
Вы узнаете, на что обращает внимание экзаменатор, как себя надо держать и что делать, чтобы добиться наилучшего результата.
Комментарии сопровождаются текстом.



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MaruДата: Вторник, 01.06.2010, 16:16 | Сообщение # 19
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IELTS Speaking: Basic Information

The IELTS Speaking Test is the final part of the exam. Your test will be at some time between 1.30pm and 5.00pm. You can take only your ID document into the exam room.

The test lasts between 11 and 14 minutes. You will be interviewed by an examiner who will record your conversation. Timing is strictly controlled by the examiner, so don't be surprised if he or she interrupts you during an answer.

There are 3 parts to the Speaking Test:

1. Introduction/ interview: around 10 questions in 4 to 5 minutes.
2. Short presentation: talk for 2 minutes with 1 minute to prepare.
3. Discussion: around 5 questions in 4 to 5 minutes.

Preparation is the key to a good score in IELTS Speaking. Different skills are tested in each part, so you need to know exactly what to do.


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MaruДата: Вторник, 01.06.2010, 16:35 | Сообщение # 20
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IELTS Speaking Part 1

The first part of the IELTS Speaking Test lasts around 4 to 5 minutes. The examiner asks about 10 questions related to you, your daily life and your interests. Common topics are hobbies, family, friends, food, music etc.

It is important to understand that Part 1 questions are supposed to be easy, and that the examiner must get through all of the questions in 5 minutes or less. That's only about 30 seconds per question. If you try to give long answers, the examiner will interrupt you. My advice is to keep Part 1 answers very simple:

Do you prefer home-cooked food or food from restaurants?

I prefer home-cooked food because I think it's healthier; you know exactly what you're eating. I also enjoy cooking for my family or friends.

You don't need to say any more than this. Just answer the question with a full sentence, give a reason, and maybe add one extra piece of information. Then stop speaking. Stop with confidence and look at the examiner, ready for the next question.


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